Commonly used surgical instruments are included scalpel, surgical scissors, surgical tweezers, forceps, tissue forceps, towel forceps, ring clamp, intestinal forceps, retractors, probes, curette, the attractor head, suture, needle holder, surgical knife (scalpel, Surgical, blade) as one composition and effect: the 2nd part of the blade (the blade Knife) and holder (Knife handle) with a time to install the blade in the handle. Commonly used models for 20 to 24blades for cutting a large wound and a small blade in 9 to 17, the end of the blade is engraved with numbers.
According to Department of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, the shape of the blade is divided into circular knives, machetes, the ball head knife and a triangular knife shank according to the length and size of type, its end engraved with numbers, a tool holder can be installed several different types of blades, commonly used on the 4th shank. Blade is preferable to held clamping pin tongs (or forceps) installation, to avoid cut your fingers.
Scalpel is generally used to cut and peel the organization at the same time with the scalpel of hemostatic function for the liver and spleen, Visceral, or the surgical wound to be repeated stopped the bleeding and surgery (such as breast radical mastectomy), such as various electric knife, laser knife, microwave knife, plasma scalpel and high pressure water jet cutting tools and more need a complete set of equipment and professionals to operate. In addition there is a one-time use of the scalpel handle. Easy to operate and prevent nosocomial infection.
Blade loading and unloading of the right to wield the following four:
1) Bow-type: is commonly used to wield the law and thumb under the knife handle, index and middle fingers in the handle, the wrist force for a long skin incision and the rectus sheath incision. Figure the right to wield.
2) Write-style: the main force of the movement in the finger, the fine change of the short distance for the anatomy of blood vessels, nerves, peritoneum incision, and a short incision, etc. Figure the right to wield the method three.
3) Grasping type: grip a knife stable cutting a wide range used to force a larger incision such as amputations, tendon cut, a long skin incision. Figure the right to wield the method.
4) Anti-pick type: thanks to the fingertip force to pick open, used for the abscess to prevent damage to deep tissue.
Classifications and usage of different Forceps:
A. Curved Forceps (Kelly, Clamp, large, med., small): for gripping deep tissue or visceral vascular hemorrhage, the length of two kinds.
B. The straight forceps (Straight Clamp): used for gripping the shallow tissue hemorrhage, and assist the pin was removed with.
C. Toothed Forceps (with spur clamp (kocher’s Clamp, large, med. teeth straight clamp) (kocher’s spur clamp small): used for gripping the the thicker organization and slippery vascular hemorrhage within the organization, such as small) mesentery, omentum , front teeth to prevent slippage, but not for the subcutaneous hemostasis.
D. The mosquito forceps (the Mosquito C1amp): small and delicate forceps, straight, curved (straight, curved) two for organ facial and plastic surgery to stop bleeding, and should not do the bulk organization clamp with forceps use basically the same as surgical scissors, but when you release the thumb and index finger forceps take hold of a ring mouth, blocking the middle and ring fingers of the other collar, thumb and ring finger to gently force the can on top.